Craniomandibular dysfunction (CMD) – the chameleon of dental medicine

Dr. med. dent. Cornelia Wolschner, Dentist, Berlin, Germany
Craniomandibular dysfunction (CMD), an umbrella term covering structural, functional, biochemical and psychological dysregulation of the muscle and joint function of the temporomandibular joints, has been “on everyone’s lips” for some time, to the extent that it could incorrectly be considered a new fashionable complaint. Yet, even in Stone Age teeth, excessive wear meant that the joint was subject to structurally deforming, degenerative processes. However the number of triggering, and especially iatrogenic, factors has definitely increased in recent times and man’s ability to compensate has declined in the face of numerous other stresses.
Earlier studies give the incidence of CMD in Germany as 8 % and the number of cases requiring treatment as 3 %. In addition to an increase in the number of cases, however, the age of those affected appears to be dropping markedly. While in the past women between 45 and 60 years of age made u...

You are unauthorized to view this page. You must purchase Gold Membership