Changing thought structures in postmaterialistic science and the consequences for a new medical ethics

Dr. med. Günther Hanzl, Berg-Aufkirchen, Germany
I can imagine that the phrase “postmaterialistic science” in the title of my paper does not mean much to some of you.
So perhaps I should first explain the concept a little.
It refers to the natural sciences as they are now understood and interpreted by the most important and most progressive scientists and whose essential features have changed more and more over the last few decades. In the past, or to be more precise, in the last 200 or 300 years, nature was synonymous with matter. Back in the early
17th century, as we all know, Descartes divided our world, our world view, into “res cogitans” and “res extensa”, in other words, into thinking things, the mind and extended things, things which can be
touched, matter.
Matter was the object which the natural sciences had to deal with. As we all know, it was left to the humanities to deal with the mind, which can neither be touched nor weighed nor measured. All the more so as, over the...

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